In the fictional world, clients (usually, beautiful blondes) seek out a private investigator (trench coat and fedora included) to help them find something that doesn’t fall within the bounds of the police’s jurisdiction. They may have already tried working with the police or may be afraid of them, but they turn to private investigators because of the specialized skills they have.
Your client may not be a beautiful blonde and you may have hung up your fedora a long time ago, but the reasons that clients hire investigators is about the same in fiction and fact. Although operating on the periphery of law enforcement, an investigator is not in the business of enforcing laws. It is a subtle difference, but very important.
An investigator may be working on missing people searches, background investigations, skip traces and surveillance. They may also serve legal documents like summons and subpoenas. Depending on the expertise and skill set of the investigator their duties can cover a lot of different subjects or be focused on one. But all investigators do one thing in common. Every private investigators job is to collect and organize facts.
Although it would make a lousy TV show, most investigators plan their activities to gather the most information in the best way. Then they analyze the data 追蹤定位 collected and present it to the client.
To determine what steps to take an investigator will:
• Discuss the case with the client and determine whether the client’s problem can be solved legally and ethically by the investigator.
• Plan the information gathering stage and budget the job appropriately.
• Conduct the investigation. The evidence must be gathered so that it can be presented in court if and when necessary.
• Analyze the results of the investigation.
• Present the findings to the client.
There are multiple ways to gather information during a case with surveillance of the target being the one normally associated with private investigators. During surveillance the investigator follows the target and documents where he goes, what he does and who he meets. This can be a long and tedious process that requires the investigator to go many hours without a break. Interviews are also another good source of information. Although usually under no legal obligation to speak with the investigator, a ruse or building rapport with the target can get them to talk about the subject. Public record searches are also used by private investigators to gather information.